Rhythmic attention in child-robot dance play

Marek P. Michalowski, Reid Simmons, Hideki Kozima

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

31 Citations (Scopus)


Human social behavior is rhythmic, and synchrony plays an important role in coordinating and regulating our interactions. We are developing technology that allows the robot Keepon to perceive and behave rhythmically, and to synchronize its dancing behaviors to music or to children's movement as perceived using pressure sensors. We present two experiments in which Keepon dances with children to music, and in which the robot's rhythmic attention and role of leader or follower are manipulated in order to examine the effects on engagement and rhythmic synchrony. We found that children can assume the roles of leader or follower in a rhythmic interaction, that followers indeed tend to synchronize with the robot's movements, and that the role of follower causes the children to more closely follow a musical rhythm.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRO-MAN 2009 - 18th IEEE International Symposium on Robot and Human Interactive
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Dec 1
Externally publishedYes
Event18th IEEE International Symposium on Robot and Human Interactive, RO-MAN 2009 - Toyama, Japan
Duration: 2009 Sep 272009 Oct 2

Publication series

NameProceedings - IEEE International Workshop on Robot and Human Interactive Communication


Other18th IEEE International Symposium on Robot and Human Interactive, RO-MAN 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Human-Computer Interaction


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