In the presence of a catalytic amount of RhH(PPh3)4 and 1,2-bis(diphenylphosphino)benzene, an aromatic fluoride, an organic disulfide (0.5 equiv), and triphenylphosphine (0.5 equiv) reacted in refluxing chlorobenzene to give an aryl sulfide in high yield. Since triphenylphosphine trapped fluoride atoms forming phosphine difluoride, both organothio groups of the disulfide reacted effectively, and the fluoride substituent reacted more readily than the chloride and bromide. The reaction of hexafluorobenzene and a diaryl disulfide gave 1,4-diarylthio-2,3,5,6-tetrafluorobenzene, 1,2,4,5-tetraarylthio-3,6-difluorobenzene, and hexaarylthiobenzene in a stepwise manner; pentafluorobenzene gave 1-arylthio-2,3,5,6-tetrafluorobenzene; 1,2,3,4-tetrafluorobenzene gave 1,2-diarylthio-3,6-difluorobenzene; and 1,2,4,5-tetrafluorobenzene gave 1,4-diarylthio-2-5-difluorobenzene. The polyarylthiolation reaction of polyfluorobenzenes exhibited a strong tendency to form 1,4-difluorobenzenes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry