Rho kinase inhibitors block activation of pancreatic stellate cells

Atsushi Masamune, Kazuhiro Kikuta, Mashiro Satoh, Kennichi Satoh, Tooru Shimosegawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

66 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

1. In response to pancreatic injury and in cell culture, pancreatic stellate cells (PSCs) are transformed ('activated') into highly proliferative myofibroblast-like cells, which express α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), and produce type I collagen and other extracellular matrix components. There is accumulating evidence that activated PSCs play important roles in pancreatic fibrosis and inflammation. 2. The small GTP-binding protein Rho has emerged as an important regulator of the actin cytoskeleton and cell morphology through the downstream effector Rho kinase (ROCK). But, the roles of Rho-ROCK pathway in PSCs are unknown. Here, we examined the effects of (+)-(R)-trans-4-(1-aminoethyl)-N-(4-pyridyl) cyclohexanecarboxamide (Y-27632) and HA-1077 (fasudil), specific inhibitors of ROCK, on the activation of PSCs. 3. PSCs were isolated from the pancreas of male Wistar rats after perfusion with collagenase P. The actin cytoskeleton was analyzed by phalloidin staining. Expression of RhoA and ROCK was examined by immunostaining and Western blotting. Effects of Y-27632 and HA-1077 on α-SMA expression, platelet-derived growth factor-induced proliferation and chemotaxis, and collagen production were assessed. 4. Culture-activated PSCs developed a well-spread cell shape, with extended stress fiber formation. PSCs expressed RhoA, ROCK-1, and ROCK-2. 5. Y-27632 caused disassembly of stress fibers. Y-27632 and HA-1077 inhibited α-SMA expression, proliferation, chemotaxis, and type I collagen production in culture-activated PSCs. 6. In addition, Y-27632 and HA-1077 inhibited spontaneous activation of freshly isolated PSCs in culture on plastic. 7. These findings suggest a role of Rho-ROCK pathway in the activation process of PSCs by regulating the actin cytoskeleton, and a potential application of Rho-ROCK pathway inhibitors for the treatment of pancreatic inflammation and fibrosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1292-1302
Number of pages11
JournalBritish Journal of Pharmacology
Volume140
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Dec

Keywords

  • Actin cytoskeleton
  • Fasudil
  • HA-1077
  • Pancreatic fibrosis
  • Pancreatic stellate cells
  • Pancreatitis
  • ROCK
  • Rho
  • Rho kinase
  • Y-27632

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Rho kinase inhibitors block activation of pancreatic stellate cells'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this