Rho-dependent transfer of Citron-kinase to the cleavage furrow of dividing cells

M. Eda, S. Yonemura, T. Kato, Naoki Watanabe, T. Ishizaki, P. Madaule, S. Narumiya

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    78 Citations (Scopus)


    Citron-kinase (Citron-K) is a Rho effector working in cytokinesis. It is enriched in cleavage furrow, but how Rho mobilizes Citron-K remains unknown. Using anti-Citron antibody and a Citron-K Green Fluorescence Protein (GFP)-fusion, we monitored its localization in cell cycle. We have found: (1) Citron-K is present as aggregates in interphase cells, disperses throughout the cytoplasm in prometaphase, translocates to cell cortex in anaphase and accumulates in cleavage furrow in telophase; (2) Rho colocalizes with Citron-K in the cortex of ana- to telophase cells and the two proteins are concentrated in the cleavage furrow and to the midbody; (3) inactivation of Rho by C3 exoenzyme does not affect the dispersion of Citron-K in prometaphase, but prevented its transfer to the cell cortex, and Citron-K stays in association with the midzone spindles of C3 exoenzyme-treated cells. To clarify further the mechanism of the Rho-mediated transfer and concentration of Citron-K in cleavage furrow, we expressed active Val14RhoA in interphase cells expressing GFP-Citron-K. Val14RhoA expression transferred Citron-K to the ventral cortex of interphase cells, where it formed band-like structures in a complex with Rho. This structure was localized at the same plane as actin stress fibers, and they exclude each other. Disruption of F-actin abolished the band and dispersed the Citron-K-Rho-containing patches throughout the cell cortex. Similarly, in dividing cells, a structure composed of Rho and Citron-K in cleavage furrow excludes cortical actin cytoskeleton, and disruption of F-actin disperses Citron-K throughout the cell cortex. These results suggest that Citron-K is a novel type of a passenger protein, which is dispersed to the cytoplasm in prometaphase and associated with midzone spindles by a Rho-independent signal. Rho is then activated, binds to Citron-K and translocates it to cell cortex, where the complex is then concentrated in the cleavage furrow by the action of actin cytoskeleton beneath the equator of dividing cells.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)3273-3284
    Number of pages12
    JournalJournal of cell science
    Issue number18
    Publication statusPublished - 2001 Nov 7


    • Actin cytoskeleton
    • Citron
    • Cleavage furrow
    • Cytokinesis
    • Rho

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Cell Biology


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