Rheumatoid arthritis is associated with increased symptomatic acromial and scapular spine stress fracture after reverse total shoulder arthroplasty

Matt Miller, Peter N. Chalmers, Jacob Nyfeler, Luke Mhyre, Cade Wheelwright, Kristin Konery, Jun Kawakami, Robert Z. Tashjian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The purpose of this study was to determine factors associated with early symptomatic acromial and scapular spine fractures in patients who underwent reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA). Methods: We retrospectively evaluated all RTSAs performed by the senior author between 1/1/2013 and 6/1/2019. We evaluated patient demographics including gender, age, prevalence of comorbidities including osteoporosis, inflammatory arthritis, diabetes, and endocrine disorders such as hypothyroidism. We also evaluated preoperative and 2-week postoperative radiographs for center of rotation medialization (CORM) as distance between the center of the humeral head or glenosphere and the line of the deltoid, and distalization via the acromial-greater tuberosity distance (AGT). We evaluated inter- and intra-rater reliability via intraclass correlation coefficients. Results: We included 335 RTSAs with a minimum of 3 months of follow-up in the analysis. Reliability was acceptable with all intraclass correlation coefficients> 0.75. Symptomatic acromial and scapular spine stress fractures were significantly more common in those with inflammatory arthritis than those without (18% vs. 5%, P = 0.016). The rate of fracture was highest in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (24% vs. 5.2%, P = 0.003). There was no statistically significant association between symptomatic fractures and preoperative CORM or AGT (P = 0.557, P = 0.528) or postoperative CORM or AGT (P = 0.56, P = 0.102). There also was no statistically significant correlation between symptomatic stress fracture and patient age, gender, BMI, smoking, osteoporosis, gout, medical comorbidity, or previous shoulder surgery. Conclusion: In this retrospective analysis of postoperative RTSA, symptomatic acromial and scapular stress fractures were significantly more common in patients with rheumatoid arthritis and thus precautions should be taken in these patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)261-265
Number of pages5
JournalJSES International
Volume5
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Mar

Keywords

  • acromial stress fracture
  • Level III
  • Retrospective Case-Control Design
  • Reverse total shoulder arthroplasty
  • rheumatoid arthritis
  • scapular stress fracture
  • shoulder arthroplasty
  • shoulder replacement
  • Treatment Study

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Surgery

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