Revision anterior glenohumeral instability: is arthroscopic treatment an option?

Dillon C. O'Neill, Garrett Christensen, Jun Kawakami, Robert T. Burks, Patrick E. Greis, Robert Z. Tashjian, Peter N. Chalmers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The purpose of this study was to determine the short-term outcomes for patients who underwent revision surgery for shoulder instability, including both revision arthroscopic repair and Latarjet. Methods: This study included patients who underwent revision of a prior arthroscopic labral repair to arthroscopic labral repair or Latarjet at our institution from 2012 to 2017. After collection of preoperative demographic data, preoperative 3-dimensional imaging was reviewed to determine percent glenoid bone loss (%GBL) and to determine whether each shoulder was on-track or off-track. Patients were contacted to obtain postoperative patient-reported outcome metrics including visual analog scale pain, Simple Shoulder Test, American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons scores, and instability recurrence (full dislocation, subluxation, or subjective apprehension) data at a minimum of 2 years postoperatively. Results: Of 62 patients who met criteria, 45 patients were able to be contacted. Of them, 21 underwent revision arthroscopy and 24 underwent a Latarjet procedure. In the revision arthroscopy group, 5 of 15 had %GBL >20% and 4 of 21 were contact athletes. In the Latarjet group, 11 of 22 had %GBL >20% and 5 of 24 were contact athletes. Of 21 revision arthroscopy patients, 8 underwent concomitant remplissage. Eight of 21 patients in the revision arthroscopy group and 7 of 21 patients in the Latarjet group reported instability postoperatively. Three of 21 patients in the revision arthroscopy group and 2 of 21 patients in the Latarjet group reported full dislocations postoperatively. Zero patients in the revision arthroscopy group and 1 of 21 patients in the Latarjet group underwent reoperation. Conclusion: Our results suggest that both revision Latarjet and arthroscopic stabilization can be of benefit in select circumstances. However, in revision settings, postoperative instability symptoms are common with both procedures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)287-291
Number of pages5
JournalJSES International
Volume4
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jun

Keywords

  • Anterior shoulder instability
  • Case Series
  • Glenohumeral instability
  • glenoid bone loss
  • Level IV
  • revision arthroscopic Bankart repair
  • revision Latarjet
  • revision shoulder stabilization
  • Treatment Study

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Surgery

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Revision anterior glenohumeral instability: is arthroscopic treatment an option?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this