Review of studies on methodological problems of essay tests

Naoki Taira, Yumiko Egami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Since the beginning of this century, in Europe and America, a number of researches have been produced on the methodological problems of rating essays written to be evaluated on particular points of view. The most significant feature of essay tests is that the quality of responses should be judged subjectively by human raters. In spite of the educational merits of this testing method, it is hard to maintain the reliability of the tests, because various types of noises can easily be generated in scoring process. It seems that reseachers have given only little attention to these types of problems in our country. This article is trying to review some of the theoretical and empirical aspects of these researches which are considered beneficial to these methodological problems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)108-117
Number of pages10
JournalJapanese Journal of Educational Psychology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1992
Externally publishedYes


  • context effect
  • essay test
  • rater
  • reliability
  • writing ability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


Dive into the research topics of 'Review of studies on methodological problems of essay tests'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this