In reverse quantum annealing, the initial state is an eigenstate of the final problem Hamiltonian and the transverse field is cycled rather than strictly decreased as in standard (forward) quantum annealing. We present a numerical study of the reverse quantum annealing protocol applied to the p-spin model (p=3), including pausing, in an open-system setting accounting for dephasing in the energy eigenbasis, which results in thermal relaxation. We consider both independent and collective dephasing and demonstrate that in both cases the open-system dynamics substantially enhances the performance of reverse annealing. Namely, including dephasing overcomes the failure of purely closed-system reverse annealing to converge to the ground state of the p-spin model. We demonstrate that pausing further improves the success probability. The collective dephasing model leads to somewhat better performance than independent dephasing. The protocol we consider corresponds closely to the one implemented in the current generation of commercial quantum annealers, and our results help to explain why recent experiments demonstrated enhanced success probabilities under reverse annealing and pausing.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics