We evaluated the usefulness of domestic and foreign guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of patients with community-acquired-pneumonia at 23 institutions in 6 prefectures of the Tohoku Area, from December 2003 to November 2004. Based on the old and new Japanese Respiratory Society (JRS) guidelines, we evaluated severity, clinical efficacy and detection of atypical pneumonia. As for severity, the old guidelines led to the diagnosis of an excessive number of 'severe' cases. On the other hand, patients were appropriately diagnosed as having mild, moderate, severe, or very severe disease based on the new JRS guidelines (2005). The severity classification often correlated with the Pneumonia Severity Index (PSI) of the IDSA guidelines. The efficacy rate for patients who were prescribed the recommended drug according to the old JRS guidelines was 85.7% and for those who did not use the recommended drug it was 68.7% (p < 0.001).
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Nihon Kokyūki Gakkai zasshi = the journal of the Japanese Respiratory Society|
|Publication status||Published - 2007 Nov|
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