Response of leaf photosynthesis to vapor pressure difference in rice (Oryza sativa L) varieties in relation to stomatal and leaf internal conductance

Akihiro Ohsumi, Akihiro Hamasaki, Hiroshi Nakagawa, Koki Homma, Takeshi Horie, Tatsuhiko Shiraiwa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the afternoon when air humidity decreases, leaf photosynthetic rate (Pn) often declines in rice grown under irrigated conditions. To clarify the genotypic difference of Pn in response to humidity, we measured Pn and stomatal conductance (gs) for nine rice varieties with diverse genetic backgrounds, at various vapor pressure differences (VPD) and developmental stages. Pn and gs of all the varieties decreased with VPD increase from 1.0 to 2.3 kPa of VPD. The variety with high gs at low VPD exhibited a greater decline of g s with VPD increase than the variety with low gs, but cv. Takanari showed the highest gs under altered VPD conditions. Significant logarithmic relations were found between the decreased Pn and gs at the respective developmental stages, suggesting that gs is the dominant factor determining Pn and its response to VPD change. To explicate the effect of decreased gs on P n, we analyzed the relations by using the model that accurately estimated the genotypic difference in Pn at a low VPD with g s and leaf nitrogen content per unit leaf area in the previous study. The model assuming that leaf internal conductance (gw) remains unchanged well explained the decreased Pn at high VPDs by g s change alone. The analysis also suggested the constancy of g w and carboxylation capacity at high VPD. It is concluded that the genotypic difference in the decrease of Pn at a high VPD is brought mainly by that in decreased gs, and the varieties with a high g s always exhibit a high Pn owing to their relatively high gs at either high or low VPD environments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)184-191
Number of pages8
JournalPlant Production Science
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Genotypic difference
  • Internal conductance
  • Leaf photosynthesis
  • Rice (Oryza sativa L)
  • Stomatal conductance
  • Vapor pressure difference (VPD)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science

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