Residual formaldehyde on plastic materials and medical equipment following low-temperature steam and formaldehyde sterilization

K. Kanemitsu, H. Kunishima, T. Saga, H. Harigae, T. Imasaka, Y. Hirayama, M. Kaku

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We measured the amount of residual formaldehyde on 16 plastic materials and five medical devices following low-temperature steam and formaldehyde (LTSF) sterilization, based on the European Standard EN14180. The amounts of formaldehyde residue on the plastic materials were compared with that on a filter paper of similar dimensions. The amount of residual formaldehyde on polyamide 6, polyurethane, natural rubber and polyacetal was higher (21.9, 15.2, 3.0 and 2.1 times, respectively) than that on the filter paper. The amount of formaldehyde recovered from a breathing circuit, anaesthesia circuit, oxygen tubing, airway tube and tweezers was 260, 240, 594, 56 and 0 μg, respectively, following LTSF sterilization. Our results emphasize the need to verify the main material composing the medical equipment before LTSF sterilization, as the amount of formaldehyde retrieved following sterilization varies according to the material used for construction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)361-364
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Hospital Infection
Volume59
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Apr

Keywords

  • European Standard EN14180
  • Low-temperature steam and formaldehyde sterilization
  • Medical materials
  • Residual formaldehyde

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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