Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is an essential enzyme in heme catabolism and is characterized by its inducibility in response to various environmental factors, including its substrate heme. The induction of HO-1 has been established as the defense mechanism against oxidative stress. However, striking inter-species or inter-tissue differences are noted in the regulation of HO-1 expression under hypoxia or heat shock, each of which represses HO-1 expression in many types of human cells but rather induces it in rodent cells. The downregulation of HO-1 expression may reduce energy expenditure and local production of carbon monoxide, iron, and bilirubin and transiently increase intracellular heme pool. Here, we discuss the repression of HO-1 expression as a potential defense strategy in humans by highlighting a regulatory role of HO-1 in its own expression.
- Gene deletion
- Transcriptional regulation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)