Report on Microgravity Experiments of Dynamic Surface Deformation Effects on Marangoni Instability in High-Prandtl-Number Liquid Bridges

Taishi Yano, Koichi Nishino, Satoshi Matsumoto, Ichiro Ueno, Atsuki Komiya, Yasuhiro Kamotani, Nobuyuki Imaishi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper reports an overview and some important results of microgravity experiments called Dynamic Surf, which have been conducted on board the International Space Station from 2013 to 2016. The present project mainly focuses on the relations between the Marangoni instability in a high-Prandtl-number (Pr= 67 and 112) liquid bridge and the dynamic free surface deformation (DSD) as well as the interfacial heat transfer. The dynamic free surface deformations of large-scale liquid bridges (say, for diameters greater than 10 mm) are measured with good accuracy by an optical imaging technique. It is found that there are two causes of the dynamic free surface deformation in the present study: the first is the time-dependent flow behavior inside the liquid bridge due to the Marangoni instability, and the second is the external disturbance due to the residual acceleration of gravity, i.e., g-jitter. The axial distributions of DSD along the free surface are measured for several conditions. The critical parameters for the onset of oscillatory Marangoni convection are also measured for various aspect ratios (i.e., relative height to the diameter) of the liquid bridge and various thermal boundary conditions. The characteristics of DSD and the onset conditions of instability are discussed in this paper.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)599-610
Number of pages12
JournalMicrogravity Science and Technology
Volume30
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Oct 1

Keywords

  • Dynamic free surface deformation
  • G-jitter
  • High Prandtl number
  • Interfacial heat transfer
  • Liquid bridge
  • Marangoni convection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Applied Mathematics

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