Repertoire analysis of memory T-cell receptors in Japanese patients with inflammatory bowel disease

Yoichi Kakuta, Takeru Nakano, Takeo Naito, Kazuhiro Watanabe, Yasuhiro Izumiyama, Daisuke Okamoto, Ryo Ichikawa, Rintaro Moroi, Masatake Kuroha, Yoshitake Kanazawa, Tomoya Kimura, Hisashi Shiga, Takeshi Naitoh, Yoshitaka Kinouchi, Michiaki Unno, Atsushi Masamune

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background and Aim: The T-cell receptor (TCR) repertoire was assessed in response to various antigens and was considered to be associated with the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Thus, we performed TCR repertoire analysis to examine the pathology of IBD from changes in the TCR repertoire of memory T cells in the intestinal lamina propria mononuclear cells (LPMCs) and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of patients with IBD. Methods: LPMCs in the surgical specimens and PBMCs were isolated from 12 patients with IBD (5 patients with ulcerative colitis [UC] and 7 patients with Crohn's disease [CD]). PBMCs were collected from 10 healthy individuals as controls. Comprehensive TCR sequence analyses of adaptor-ligation polymerase chain reaction (PCR) products were performed using MiSeq. Results: The diversity of TCR-α and TCR-β in PBMCs was significantly lower in patients with IBD than that in controls (P = 0.00084 and 0.0013, respectively). Comparisons of TCR diversity in LPMCs and PBMCs between CD and UC showed that the diversity in LPMC was not affected by diseases, whereas that in PBMCs was significantly lower in CD than in UC (P = 0.045 and 0.049, respectively). Some TCR clones may have shown a specific increase or decrease in CD and UC, and many clones were common to both LPMCs and PBMCs in the same patients. Conclusion: The diversity of TCR clones in LPMCs and PBMCs in patients with IBD was significantly lower than that of PBMCs in controls. TCR diversity in PBMCs was particularly low in patients with CD.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJGH Open
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020 Jan 1

Keywords

  • T-cell receptor
  • inflammatory bowel disease
  • repertoire

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology
  • Hepatology

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