Reopening Behavior of Transverse Cracks in Hydraulic Fracturing Tectonic Stress Measurements

Takatoshi Ito, Kazuo Hayashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The reopening behavior of a transverse crack which is induced on the surface of a borehole by hydraulic fracturing is analyzed to establish the methodology for hydraulic fracturing tectonic stress measurements, where, as a typical transverse crack, a penny-shaped crack which is induced perpendicularly to the borehole axis is considered. To this end, a model is constructed for analyzing the coupled problem of fluid flow in the crack and crack reopening behavior in an impermeable rock. The model takes into account the fact that the crack does not reclose perfectly upon deflation due to crack surface damage and minor shear displacement. The results show that the apparent reopening pressure, i. e., borehole pressure at which the pressure-time history clearly deviates from linearity, decreases and approaches the compressive tectonic stress normal to the crack plane with decreasing injection flow rate, and that it is almost proportional to the compressive tectonic stress independently of injection flow rate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1287-1291
Number of pages5
JournalTransactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers Series A
Issue number561
Publication statusPublished - 1993 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes


  • Artificial Subsurface Crack
  • Crack Reopening
  • Elasticity
  • Fracture Mechanics
  • Hydraulic Fracturing
  • Numerical Analysis
  • Reopening Pressure
  • Tectonic Stress Measurement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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