Myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) with Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) mutation are associated with a high risk for occlusive vascular diseases. We report 2 cases of renovascular hypertension associated with JAK2 V617F mutation-positive MPNs and provide a literature review. In Case 1, a 63-year-old woman had resistant hypertension, massive proteinuria, and erythrocytosis. Evaluations revealed right renal artery stenosis causing renovascular hypertension and polycythemia vera with JAK2 V617F mutation. Renin-angiotensin system inhibitors and subsequent angioplasty controlled the blood pressure and the proteinuria resolved. In Case 2, a 74-year-old woman had resistant hypertension and thrombocytosis. Evaluations confirmed left renal artery stenosis and essential thrombocythemia with JAK2 V617F. Angioplasty cured the hypertension. A literature review of 18 cases revealed the following as the most common characteristics of MPN-associated renovascular hypertension: manifests primarily in women; is associated with untreated polycythemia vera and essential thrombocythemia, concomitant leukocytosis, and JAK2 mutation positivity; and is responsive to angioplasty. This report demonstrates that JAK2 mutation-positive MPNs are a less common but important underlying cause of adult renovascular hypertension.
- essential thrombocythemia
- polycythemia vera
- renal artery stenosis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine