Renal-protective effect of nondepressor dose of cicletanine in diabetic rats with hypertension

Masahiro Kohzuki, Xue Min Wu, Masahiro Kamimoto, Kazunori Yoshida, Makoto Nagasaka, Masayuki Kanazawa, Minoru Yasujima, Takao Saito, Tokutaro Sato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We assessed the renal and cardiac benefits of cicletanine (CIC), a furopyridine derivative drug with diuretic and antihypertensive properties, in diabetic spontaneously hypertensive rats with renal impairment. Uninephrectomized streptozotocin (STZ)-diabetic spontaneously hypertensive Izmo rats (SHRIzm) (10 weeks old) were randomly assigned to receive vehicle or CIC (100 mg/kg/day, orally), and age-matched, uninephrectomized STZ diabetic Wistar-Kyoto Izmo rats (WKYIzm) were assigned to receive vehicle for up to 12 weeks. Blood pressure increased progressively in diabetic SHRIzm but not in diabetic WKYIzm. Urinary albumin excretion increased significantly in both diabetic SHRIzm and diabetic WKYIzm throughout the experiment. The antihypertensive effect of CIC was not significantly observed in diabetic SHRIzm. However, the subdepressor doses of CIC significantly decreased urinary albumin excretion, serum creatinine, and blood urea nitrogen in diabetic SHRIzm. These results were confirmed by morphological analysis of kidneys in each group of rats. The index of focal glomerular sclerosis (FGS) in diabetic SHRIzm was significantly higher than that in diabetic WKYIzm. The CIC treatment significantly and effectively protected against an increase in the index of FGS in diabetic SHRIzm. Moreover, CIC treatment significantly attenuated the increase in the heart weight to body weight ratio in diabetic SHRIzm. Treatment with CIC did not affect urinary and blood glucose concentrations at this dose. These results suggest that CIC has a renal-protective action, which is not related to improvement of diabetes or improvement of high blood pressure in diabetic rats with hypertension. The action might be due to the reduction of intraglomerular capillary pressure or protection of the renal glomerular vascular endothelial cell injury and mesangial cell injury through stimulation of PGI2 generation or elimination of free radicals, although the mechanism remains to be further investigated. (C) 2000 American Journal of Hypertension, Ltd.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)298-306
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Hypertension
Volume13
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Mar

Keywords

  • Blood pressure
  • Cicletanine
  • Heart
  • Kidney
  • Proteinuria
  • SHR
  • WKY

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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