Renal Oxidative Stress in Medullary Thick Ascending Limbs Produced by Elevated NaCl and Glucose

Takefumi Mori, Allen W. Cowley

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68 Citations (Scopus)


The effects of NaCl, glucose, and thyroid hormone on the production of superoxide (O2·−) within the renal medulla of Sprague-Dawley rats were examined. Responses of intracellular superoxide [O2·−]i in isolated medullary thick ascending limbs (mTALs) were studied using real-time fluorescent microscopy with measurement of the dehydroethidium (DHE) to ethidium (Eth) conversion ratio (Eth/DHE ratio unit). The results demonstrated that elevations of extracellular NaCl (from 152 to 252 mmol/L), d-glucose (from 5 to 25 mmol/L), and triiodo-thyronine (T3; 10 μmol/L) significantly increased [O2·−]i levels. Preincubation with superoxide scavenger 4,5-dihydroxy-1,3-benzene-disulfonic acid (1 mmol/L) significantly inhibited these responses. Stimulation with equamolar amounts of choline chloride or l-glucose failed to increase [O2·−]i, indicating that these O2·− responses were not determined by changes in osmolality. The responses to NaCl, d-glucose, and T3 were abolished by pretreatment with the Na+/K+-ATPase pump inhibitor ouabain (4 mmol/L) and with Na+/H+ -exchanger inhibitor dimethylamiloride (100 μmol/L). We conclude that elevations of extracellular NaCl, d-glucose, or T3 levels can activate both the Na+/K+-ATPase pump and Na+/H+ exchanger in mTAL, which, in turn, is associated with increased intracellular concentrations of superoxide.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)341-346
Number of pages6
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Feb


  • Antiporters
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Fluorescence
  • Hypertension
  • Na, K-transporting ATPase
  • Oxidative stress
  • Sodium pump
  • Sodium-dependent

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine


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