Renal effects of high-dose natriuretic peptide receptor blockade in rats with congestive heart failure

Ping L. Zhang, Harald S. Mackenzie, Kazuhito Totsune, Julia L. Troy, Barry M. Brenner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Previous studies suggest that elevated plasma atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) levels participate in regulating renal excretory function in rats with congestive heart failure (CHF). To define, the role of natriuretic peptides (NPs) in the regulation of renal function in CHF, the renal responses to HS- 142-1 (HS), a potent NP receptor antagonist, were studied in anesthetized rats subjected to coronary ligation that developed left ventricular infarction and CHF or in sham-operated (SO) control rats. Plasma ANP levels averaged >14-fold higher in rats with CHF than in SO rats. In response to HS (20 mg/kg IV bolus), both mean arterial pressure and renal vascular resistance increased in rats with CHF but not in SO rats: glomerular filtration rate (GFR, 1.26 ± 0.04 versus 0.76 ± 0.11 mL/min) and renal plasma flow rate (RPF, 3.52 ± 0.27 versus 2.70 ± 0.32 mL/min) were significantly reduced in rats with CHF; and in SO rats. GFR (1.26 ± 0.06 versus 1.20 ± 0.07 mL/min) and RPF (3.98 ± 0.21 versus 3.99 ± 0.18 mL/min) were not significantly affected by HS. The sodium excretion rate (0.18 ± 0.04 to 0.06 ± 0.01 μEq/min) and fractional sodium excretion (0.01 ± 0.02% to 0.04 ± 0.01%) also fell markedly after HS administration in rats with CHF, but these parameters were unchanged in SO rats. These data indicate that NPs play a critical role in maintaining renal hemodynamic function and inhibiting tubule sodium reabsorption in rats with CHF, thus opposing sodium retention and preserving sodium balance in this model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1240-1245
Number of pages6
JournalCirculation research
Volume77
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1995 Dec

Keywords

  • congestive heart failure
  • natriuretic peptides
  • renal dysfunction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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