Removal of toxic HCN and recovery of H2-rich syngas via catalytic reforming of product gas from gasification of polyimide over Ni/Mg/Al catalysts

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15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The recycling of N-containing plastics by pyrolysis or steam-reforming is typically complicated by the generation of toxic HCN. In this study, polyimide, as an example of an N-containing plastic, was gasified and the product gas was reformed over various Ni/Mg/Al catalysts. Effects of catalyst properties, steam, and temperature on the HCN removal and H2-rich syngas production were investigated. More than 99% HCN removal (compared with pyrolytic conditions) and ∼3000 mL g−1of H2-rich syngas with a H2/CO ratio of 10.4 were simultaneously achieved at 800 °C in the presence of a reduced-Ni1.0Mg3.6Al4.8catalyst, then HCN was mainly converted into N2. On the other hand, non-reduced same catalyst enhanced hydrolysis of HCN into NH3with more than 98% HCN removal at 800 °C, which is also a beneficial finding to recover useful NH3from HCN, directly. Therefore, the present work achieved that the improvement of the H2-rich syngas yield and quality, and conversion of toxic HCN into non-toxic N2or useful NH3using the same catalyst, simultaneously.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)330-339
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis
Volume123
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Gasification
  • HCN
  • NH
  • Polyimide
  • Pyrolysis
  • Syngas

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Fuel Technology

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