Removal of boron from coal fly ash by washing with HCl solution

Shunsuke Kashiwakura, Hironari Kubo, Yuichi Kumagai, Hiroshi Kubo, Kazuyo Matsubae-Yokoyama, Kenichi Nakajima, Tetsuya Nagasaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


Boron as an environmentally regulated substance is well known to condense in the coal fly ash generated from coal combustion plants. Since boron in the coal fly ash tends to elute into the soil easily, a technology for its stabilization or removal from fly ash is required. An acid washing process is proposed and studied as one of the candidate technologies for the removal of boron from coal fly ash. A laboratory-scale investigation is conducted on the dissolution behavior of boron in the coal fly ash in a diluted HCl solution. The dissolution of boron and alkaline species is considerably fast and exhibits a behavior different from that of aluminum and silicon, which are major components of the ash. From the kinetic model, it is expected that boron in the ash may mainly be in the form of alkaline or alkaline earth borates that are deposited on the surface of relatively large ash particles of alumino-silicate or may be precipitated as fine particles during coal combustion. This acid washing process is extended to a bench-scale plant and boron is successfully removed from the coal fly ash until its content is less than the regulation limit.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1245-1250
Number of pages6
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Jul


  • Acid washing
  • Boron
  • Coal fly ash
  • Dissolution mechanism
  • Leaching test

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Organic Chemistry


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