Removal of arsenic in coal fly ash by acid washing process using dilute H2SO4 solvent

Shunsuke Kashiwakura, Hajime Ohno, Kazuyo Matsubae-Yokoyama, Yuichi Kumagai, Hiroshi Kubo, Tetsuya Nagasaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Citations (Scopus)


Coal fly ash emitted from coal thermal power plants generally contains tens ppm of arsenic, one of the hazardous elements in coal, during combustion and their elution to soil or water has become a public concern. In this study, the acid washing process developed by the authors was applied to the removal of arsenic from coal fly ash. Laboratory- and bench-scale investigations on the dissolution behavior of arsenic from various coal fly ash samples into dilute H2SO4 were conducted. Arsenic in the coal fly ash samples were dissolved into H2SO4 solutions rapidly. However, its concentrations decreased with an increase in the pH of H2SO4 solution in some cases. The species of arsenic in the dilute H2SO4 was estimated as H3AsO4, and its anionic species was considered to adsorb with the elevation of pH under the presence of ash particle. Such adsorption behavior was enhanced under the presence of Fe ion in the solution. The sufficient removal of arsenic was achieved by controlling pH and avoiding the adsorption of arsenic on the surface of coal fly ash particles, and the elution of arsenic from coal fly ash sample was successfully below the regulation limit.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)419-425
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Issue number1-3
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Sep


  • Acid washing
  • Arsenic
  • Coal fly ash
  • Dissolution mechanism
  • Leaching test

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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