Remarkable acceleration of a DNA/RNA inter-strand functionality transfer reaction to modify a cytosine residue: The proximity effect via complexation with a metal cation

Daichi Jitsuzaki, Kazumitsu Onizuka, Atsushi Nishimoto, Ikuya Oshiro, Yosuke Taniguchi, Shigeki Sasaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Modified nucleosides in natural RNA molecules are essential for their functions. Non-natural nucleoside analogues have been introduced into RNA to manipulate its structure and function. We have recently developed a new strategy for the in situ modification of RNA based on the functionality transfer reaction between an oligodeoxynucleotide probe and an RNA substrate. 2′-Deoxy-6-thioguanosine (6-thio-dG) was used as the platform to anchor the transfer group. In this study, a pyridinyl vinyl ketone moiety was newly designed as the transfer group with the expectation that a metal cation would form a chelate complex with the pyridinyl-2-keto group. It was demonstrated that the (E)-pyridinyl vinyl keto group was efficiently and specifically transferred to the 4-amino group of the opposing cytosine in RNA in the presence of NiCl2 with more than 200-fold accelerated rate compared with the previous system with the use of the diketo transfer group. Detailed mechanistic studies suggested that NiCl2 forms a bridging complex between the pyridinyl keto moiety and the N7 of the purine residue neighboring the cytosine residue of the RNA substrate to bring the groups in close proximity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8808-8815
Number of pages8
JournalNucleic acids research
Volume42
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

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