We have investigated the microwave response at 44.5 GHz with respect to temperature T and external magnetic field H in λ – (BEDT – TSF)2FeCl4 forming a quasi two-dimensional electronic system with π-d correlations. At 8.3 K [= TMI, the metal-insulator (MI) transition temperature] < T < 70 K (= TFM), the microwave dielectric constant along the c axis, ε1c, takes positive large values amounting to 1000–2000. Furthermore, the microwave conductivity σ1c starts to deviate resistively from the dc conductivity σdcc, and the difference between σ1c and σdcc reaches about two orders of magnitude just above TMI. The present results are consistent with the previous results at 16.3 GHz, and consequently the appearance of the anomalous metallic state is confirmed. An anomalous microwave response has also been observed in the a* and b* directions, and there exist large anisotropies depending sensitively on the orientations. The broad maximum of ε1c around 30 K is reminiscent not of a usual ferroelectric transition, but of relaxor ferroelectric behaviors. It is expected that dielectric domains or stripes with less metallic conductions emerge inhomogeneously in the π electronic systems. Above TFM, where microwave anomalies are not present, the interplane and intraplane microwave conductivities hold anisotropies σ1c/σ1b*≈103 and σ1c/σ1a*≈10. In the antiferromagnetic insulating state, σ1c becomes much conductive in comparison with σdcc. Together with low frequency data, ε1c is found to exhibit a large frequency dispersion. The microwave response is not attributed to single particle excitations, but to some collective mode excitations associated with charge degrees of freedom. The H – T phase diagram of the MI transition determined by the present microwave measurements is independent of the orientations of H, and coincides well with the phase diagram obtained by the dc magnetoresistivity and magnetization. Spin waves for the hard axis are observed as an absorption peak in the width change for the microwave magnetic field applied parallel to both H and a*.
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 2003 Oct 15|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics