Relaxation and crystallization behavior of the Zr50Cu 40Al10 metallic glass

Takaaki Yano, Yuhi Yorikado, Yasutake Akeno, Fuminobu Hori, Yoshihiko Yokoyama, Akihiro Iwase, Akihisa Inoue, Toyohiko J. Konno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)


We examined relaxation and crystallization behavior of the ternary Zr 50Cu40Al10 metallic glass by using positron annihilation and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Observed changes in positron annihilation lifetime of the alloy annealed isothermally at 673 K, which is below the glass transition temperature, correlate well with observed density changes; while coincidence Doppler broadening (CDB) spectra exhibit no significant change. These observations demonstrate that free volume decreases without a rearrangement of atoms during structural relaxation. On the other hand, CDB spectrum has exhibited considerable changes when the same alloy was annealed at 773 K. TEM observations suggested that crystallization occurs via growth of spherulites of several hundred nm in diameter, which themselves are composed of radially grown grains. Chemical analysis revealed that Cu atoms are partitioned out during the growth of the spherulites. Diffraction study indicated that the unit cell of the crystalline phase belong to an orthorhombic system with a = 0.892, h = 0.550, and c = 1.060 nm; while remaining interspherulite regions are found to crystallize into an fee phase with a = 1.28 nm, which is probably isostructural to the τ3 phase.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2886-2892
Number of pages7
JournalMaterials Transactions
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Dec
Externally publishedYes


  • Bulk metallic glass
  • Crystallization
  • Positron annihilation
  • Structural relaxation
  • Transmission electron microscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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