Relativistic effect on the bistability of Bi {012} nanofilms

Hiroki Kotaka, Fumiyuki Ishii, Mineo Saito, Keisuke Sawada, Yuki Uramoto, Tadaaki Nagao, Shin Yaginuma

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    We perform fully-relativistic first-principles calculations on Bi{012}films which are stable when the film thickness is very small. We find that the 2ML free-standing film has bistability, i,e, the two top atoms are buckled in one geometry and they are nearly flat in the other geometry. The calculated amplitude of the buckling in the buckled structures is 0.17 Åwhereas the amplitude is 0.41 Å when the spin-orbit interaction (SOI) is not included in the calculation. Furthermore, the bond lengths between the top and the second top atoms in the buckled structure are alternant when the SOI is included in the calculation. Therefore, the SOI has a significant effect on the geometry. The total energy difference between the two structures is less than 1 meV. Therefore, we expect that one of the two structures appears depending on circumstance such as the interaction between the substrate and the film.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)13-16
    Number of pages4
    Journale-Journal of Surface Science and Nanotechnology
    Publication statusPublished - 2009 Jan 10


    • Density functional theory
    • Insulator
    • Metal
    • Nanofilm

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Biotechnology
    • Bioengineering
    • Condensed Matter Physics
    • Mechanics of Materials
    • Surfaces and Interfaces
    • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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