Relationships between radiosensitivity and microvascular density in esophageal carcinoma: Significance of hypoxic fraction

Takuma Nomiya, Kenji Nemoto, Hideo Miyachi, Keisuke Fujimoto, Ken Takeda, Yoshihiro Ogawa, Yoshihiro Takai, Shogo Yamada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: The prognosis and the radiosensitivity of macroscopically infiltrative type of esophageal carcinoma are worse than those of the localized type of esophageal carcinoma treated with irradiation. The aim of this study was to investigate the cause of differences in radiosensitivity and prognosis of esophageal carcinoma according to macroscopic type from the viewpoint of tumor angiogenesis. Methods and Materials: A total of 40 surgically resected esophageal carcinoma tissues with good material remaining were selected at random from macroscopically localized type (n = 20) and infiltrative type (n = 20) of esophageal carcinoma. The highest intratumoral microvascular density (h-MVD), average intratumoral microvascular density (a-MVD), Ki67 labeling index, and expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in each section were estimated. Results: h-MVD was significantly (p = 0.0006) greater in the infiltrative type than in the localized type, whereas a-MVD (p = 0.0014) and Ki67 labeling index (p = 0.022) were significantly lower in the infiltrative type than in the localized type. The expression level of VEGF was significantly (p < 0.0001) higher in the infiltrative type. Conclusions: The generally underdeveloped vascular densities with low proliferation activities (suggesting increase of hypoxic fraction) seemed to be one of the reasons for unfavorable radiosensitivities of infiltrative type of esophageal carcinoma. The infiltrative type of esophageal carcinoma shows a high level of VEGF expression and high activity of tumor angiogenesis. The locally enhanced neovascularization, which occurs frequently in hematogenous metastasis seemed to be one of the reasons for the unfavorable prognosis of the infiltrative type of esophageal carcinoma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)589-596
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics
Volume58
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Feb

Keywords

  • Esophageal carcinoma
  • Macroscopic type
  • Microvascular density
  • Radiosensitivity
  • VEGF

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research

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