Relationship Between Oral Health and Fractures in Community-Dwelling Older Japanese Adults

Wakana Ito, Takamasa Komiyama, Takashi Ohi, Takako Hiratsuka, Sanae Matsuyama, Toshimasa Sone, Ichiro Tsuji, Makoto Watanabe, Yoshinori Hattori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the relationship between poor oral health and the incidence of fall-related fractures in older Japanese individuals. Design: A 9-year prospective cohort study. Setting and Participants: Participants comprised 937 community-dwelling older Japanese adults aged 70 years or older. They all lived in the Tsurugaya district, a suburban area of Sendai city, and underwent comprehensive geriatric assessment, including an oral examination, in a public facility. Measurements: The exposure variables were related to oral health status (posterior occlusal support, number of remaining teeth, and occlusal force). The outcome measure was the incidence of fall-related fractures, which was determined by National Health Insurance data. Analyzed covariates included age, sex, medical history, smoking, alcohol drinking, educational level, depressive symptoms, cognitive impairment, physical function, body mass index, and history of falls. Statistical relationships were examined by calculating hazard ratios (HRs) at 95% confidence intervals (CIs) using the Cox proportional hazard model. Results: In the multivariate analysis, the HRs of fall-related fractures were significantly higher in those with unilateral posterior occlusal support (HR, 2.72; 95% CI, 1.13-6.55) and no posterior occlusal support (HR, 2.58; 95% CI, 1.29-5.15) than in those with bilateral posterior occlusal support. The HRs (95% CIs) of fall-related fractures in individuals with 10-19 and 1-9 teeth and edentulous individuals were 1.77 (0.81-3.89), 2.67 (1.24-5.75), and 2.31 (1.01-5.28), respectively, compared to those with ≥20 teeth. Conclusions and Implications: Poor oral health status is a risk factor for the incidence of fall-related fractures in community-dwelling older Japanese individuals. The findings suggest that attention should be focused on oral health status to further understand the risk of fall-related fractures among community-dwelling older adults.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of the American Medical Directors Association
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Oral health
  • fall
  • fracture
  • occlusal support
  • older adults
  • tooth loss

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)
  • Health Policy
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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