Relationship between microstructure and deformation of porous Ni-based cermets under redox cycling

Kazuhisa Sato, Satoshi Watanabe, Yihui Huang, Taihei Miyasaka, Toshiaki Matsui, Keiji Yashiro, Tatsuya Kawada, Koji Amezawa, Keigo Kumada, Koichi Eguchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This paper discusses the relationship between the elongation and compression behavior and microstructural changes under redox cycles of porous Ni(O)–YSZ cermets for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC). Mechanical damage in SOFC and SOEC is one of the most important degradation factors governing the electrical performance of cells. Therefore, it is necessary to know the mechanical properties of each component material, such as elastic and deformation properties, in the operating environment. Particularly, of the Ni(O)–YSZ cermets which currently makes up 90% of the volume of the cell, with present mainstream anode supported SOFC and SOEC. Therefore, understanding the properties of the Ni(O)–YSZ cermets plays an important role in ensuring the performance of the entire SOFC and SOEC. In this study, the microstructural changes of Ni(O)–YSZ cermet by reduction, re-oxidation and re-reduction were observed in detail using microstructural observations and systematically compared with the dimensional change behavior. For the dimensional change behavior, a simple model considering the initial porosity and Ni content is proposed, which successfully predicts the dimensional change due to re-oxidation. Furthermore, Ni(O)–YSZ cermets with high Ni content show large initial dimensional changes, but the dimensional reversibility improves with increase of the number of redox cycles.

Original languageEnglish
Article number810
JournalSN Applied Sciences
Volume3
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Oct

Keywords

  • Anode
  • Dilatometry
  • Elongation/compression
  • FIB-SEM
  • Morphology
  • Ni content
  • Porosity
  • Solid oxide electrolysis cells (SOEC)
  • Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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