Relationship between Internet use and out-of-home activities during the first wave of the COVID-19 outbreak in Japan

Naoto Yabe, Tomoya Hanibuchi, Hiroki M. Adachi, Shohei Nagata, Tomoki Nakaya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Following the first wave of the COVID-19 outbreak, the Japanese government announced the declaration of a state of emergency in April 2020, which aimed to decrease contact between people and requested that residents refrain from outings. Even in the absence of penalties, outings decreased under the declaration. We are interested in how outings declined and studied the substitution relationship between Internet use and outings. A web-based survey was conducted to collect data on Internet use and outings in a retrospective manner. The period covered by our data is from mid-February to mid-May 2020. Multilevel analysis and binomial logistic regression analysis were performed to examine the relationship between Internet use and outings. The results clearly show that Internet use replaced outings. In particular, Internet use for socializing, exercise, and leisure/entertainment had a strong substitution relationship with outings. Internet use for socializing and leisure/entertainment was also associated with refraining from visiting restaurants. In contrast, there was a weak substitution relationship between Internet use for daily shopping and outings. Although telework tends to be an accepted focus of Internet use under the COVID-19 outbreak, it should not be overlooked that other uses of the Internet, such as for leisure/entertainment, also supported the decline in outings.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100343
JournalTransportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives
Volume10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jun

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • Internet
  • Japan
  • Out-of-home activities
  • Substitution
  • Travel behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Automotive Engineering
  • Transportation
  • Management Science and Operations Research

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Relationship between Internet use and out-of-home activities during the first wave of the COVID-19 outbreak in Japan'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this