Relation of seed structures to soybean cultivar difference in pre-germination flooding tolerance

Nao Muramatsu, Makie Kokubun, Akira Horigane

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    10 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Flooding during germination inhibits the sprouting and emergence of soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.], reducing subsequent growth and yield. Previous studies revealed that cultivars tolerant to pre-germination flooding have a mechanism of reducing water absorption speed (WAS) during the initial stage of inundation; however, seed structures involved in WAS have not been fully clarified to date. The objectives of this study were to identify possible seed structures responsible for cultivar difference in WAS and pre-germination flooding tolerance. WAS of two tolerant cultivars (Peking and Williams) and two susceptible cultivars (Nakasennari and Enrei), which were identified in our previous study, was compared in relation to seed structures. In Peking, WAS was markedly lower than that of the other cultivars, either in intact seed or seed with the seed coat removed, suggesting that both the seed coat and the embryo have a mechanism of reducing WAS in this cultivar. WAS of the hilum side tended to be higher than that of the back side, and sealing of the micropyle significantly lowered WAS, showing that the micropyle rather than the hilum appeared to be responsible for the higher WAS of the hilum side regardless of cultivar. A comparison of cross section area of the hilum revealed that the tolerant cultivars tended to have a larger area than the susceptible cultivars, suggesting that an inner space of the hilum can act as a reservoir at the initial stage of inundation, thereby reducing WAS in tolerant cultivars.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)434-439
    Number of pages6
    JournalPlant Production Science
    Volume11
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2008

    Keywords

    • Aleurone layer
    • Flooding tolerance
    • Germination
    • Hilum
    • Micropyle
    • Seed structure
    • Soybean
    • Water absorption

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Agronomy and Crop Science

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