Relation between clinical findings and progression of cerebral cortical pathology in MM1-type sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease: Proposed staging of cerebral cortical pathology

Yasushi Iwasaki, Shinsui Tatsumi, Maya Mimuro, Tetsuyuki Kitamoto, Yoshio Hashizume, Mari Yoshida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In our pathologic observation of the cerebral cortex including the neocortex, hippocampus, and limbic cortex in 43 Japanese patients with MM1-type sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, the earliest pathologic finding was spongiform change and next was gliosis. Subsequently, neuropil rarefaction appeared, followed by neuron loss. On the basis of these observations, we propose the following cortical pathologic staging: Stage I, spongiform change; Stage II, hypertrophic astrocytosis; Stage III, neuropil rarefaction; Stage IV, neuron loss; Stage V, status spongiosus; and Stage VI, large cavity formation. We also suggest a more simple staging classification: Stages I and II, mild; Stages III and IV, moderate; and Stages V and VI, severe involvement. Based on statistical analysis of the cases, strong correlation coefficients were obtained between the neocortical and limbic pathologic stage and both total disease duration and brain weight. We estimated that the first observation times of cortical hyperintensity on diffusion-weighted images of magnetic resonance imaging, myoclonus, and periodic sharp wave complexes on the electroencephalogram approximately correspond to the early phase of Stage II of the neocortex. The time to reach the akinetic mutism state approximately corresponds to the middle phase of Stage II of the neocortex. Therefore, we think that approximate clinical manifestations at death, total disease duration, and brain weight can be estimated according to the pathologic stage of the neocortex or limbic cortex. Panencephalopathic-type pathology appeared approximately 12 months after disease onset, and this time approximately corresponds to the middle phase of Stage III of the neocortex.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97-104
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the neurological sciences
Volume341
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jun 15

Keywords

  • Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
  • Hypertrophic astrocytosis
  • Neuron loss
  • Neuropil rarefaction
  • Spongiform change

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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