Regulation of strigolactone biosynthesis by gibberellin signaling

Shinsaku Ito, Daichi Yamagami, Mikihisa Umehara, Atsushi Hanada, Satoko Yoshida, Yasuyuki Sasaki, Shunsuke Yajima, Junko Kyozuka, Miyako Ueguchi-Tanaka, Makoto Matsuoka, Ken Shirasu, Shinjiro Yamaguchi, Tadao Asami

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    46 Citations (Scopus)


    Strigolactones (SLs) are a class of plant hormones that regulate diverse physiological processes, including shoot branching and root development. They also act as rhizosphere signaling molecules to stimulate the germination of root parasitic weeds and the branching of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Although various types of cross talk between SLs and other hormones have been reported in physiological analyses, the cross talk between gibberellin (GA) and SLs is poorly understood. We screened for chemicals that regulate the level of SLs in rice (Oryza sativa) and identified GA as, to our knowledge, a novel SL-regulating molecule. The regulation of SL biosynthesis by GA is dependent on the GA receptor GID1 and F-box protein GID2. GA treatment also reduced the infection of rice plants by the parasitic plant witchers weed (Striga hermonthica). These data not only demonstrate, to our knowledge, the novel plant hormone cross talk between SL and GA, but also suggest that GA can be used to control parasitic weed infections.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1250-1259
    Number of pages10
    JournalPlant physiology
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jun

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Physiology
    • Genetics
    • Plant Science

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  • Cite this

    Ito, S., Yamagami, D., Umehara, M., Hanada, A., Yoshida, S., Sasaki, Y., Yajima, S., Kyozuka, J., Ueguchi-Tanaka, M., Matsuoka, M., Shirasu, K., Yamaguchi, S., & Asami, T. (2017). Regulation of strigolactone biosynthesis by gibberellin signaling. Plant physiology, 174(2), 1250-1259.