Regional tau deposition and subregion atrophy of medial temporal structures in early Alzheimer's disease: A combined positron emission tomography/magnetic resonance imaging study

Daichi Sone, Etsuko Imabayashi, Norihide Maikusa, Nobuyuki Okamura, Shozo Furumoto, Yukitsuka Kudo, Masayo Ogawa, Harumasa Takano, Yuma Yokoi, Masuhiro Sakata, Tadashi Tsukamoto, Koichi Kato, Hiroshi Matsuda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction Molecular imaging and selective hippocampal subfield atrophy are a focus of recent Alzheimer's disease (AD) research. Here, we investigated correlations between molecular imaging and hippocampal subfields in early AD. Methods We investigated 18 patients with early AD and 18 healthy control subjects using 11C-Pittsburgh compound-B (PIB) positron emission tomography (PET) and 18F-THK5351 PET and automatic segmentation of hippocampal subfields with high-resolution T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging. The PET images were normalized and underwent voxelwise regression analysis with each subregion volumes using SPM12. Results As for 18F-THK5351 PET, the bilateral perirhinal cortex volumes were significantly associated with the ipsilateral or bilateral temporal lobar uptakes, whereas hippocampal subfields showed no correlations. 11C-PIB PET showed relatively broad negative correlation with the right cornu ammonis 3 volumes. Discussion Regional tau deposition was correlated with extrahippocampal subregional atrophy and not with hippocampal subfields, possibly reflecting different underlying mechanisms of atrophy in early AD. Amyloid might be associated with right cornu ammonis 3 atrophy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35-40
Number of pages6
JournalAlzheimer's and Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment and Disease Monitoring
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Entorhinal cortex
  • Hippocampal subfield
  • Perirhinal cortex
  • Tau PET

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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