Regional distribution of urocortin-like immunoreactivity (UCN-LI) in the human brain was studied by radioimmunoassay and was compared with that of corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH). In addition, the expression of UCN mRNA was examined by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT- PCR) method. UCN-LI was detected in every region of brain examined, including hypothalamus, pons, cerebral cortex, and cerebellum. The concentrations of UCN-LI in the human brain were approximately 3 pmol/g wet weight in any brain region, and no marked regional difference was noted. On the other hand, the highest concentrations of CRH-LI were found in the frontal cortex, temporal cortex, and hypothalamus and the lowest in the pons. Reverse phase high- performance liquid chromatography of the UCN-LI in the human brain extract showed two immunoreactive peaks; one peak eluting earlier and one in the position of synthetic human UCN. RT-PCR showed that UCN mRNA was expressed in every region of brain examined. These findings indicated that UCN and UCN mRNA were widely expressed in the human brain.
- Human brain
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience