Regenerative effects of mesenchymal stem cells: Contribution of muse cells, a novel pluripotent stem cell type that resides in mesenchymal cells

Shohei Wakao, Yasumasa Kuroda, Fumitaka Ogura, Taeko Shigemoto, Mari Dezawa

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

57 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are easily accessible and safe for regenerative medicine. MSCs exert trophic, immunomodulatory, anti-apoptotic, and tissue regeneration effects in a variety of tissues and organs, but their entity remains an enigma. Because MSCs are generally harvested from mesenchymal tissues, such as bone marrow, adipose tissue, or umbilical cord as adherent cells, MSCs comprise crude cell populations and are heterogeneous. The specific cells responsible for each effect have not been clarified. The most interesting property of MSCs is that, despite being adult stem cells that belong to the mesenchymal tissue lineage, they are able to differentiate into a broad spectrum of cells beyond the boundary of mesodermal lineage cells into ectodermal or endodermal lineages, and repair tissues. The broad spectrum of differentiation ability and tissue-repairing effects of MSCs might be mediated in part by the presence of a novel pluripotent stem cell type recently found in adult human mesenchymal tissues, termed multilineage-differentiating stress enduring (Muse) cells. Here we review recently updated studies of the regenerative effects of MSCs and discuss their potential in regenerative medicine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1045-1060
Number of pages16
JournalCells
Volume1
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Nov 8
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cell therapy
  • Mesenchymal stem cells
  • Pluripotent stem cells
  • Tissue repair
  • Transdifferentiation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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