Reduction of the DNA base excision repair protein, XRCC1, may contribute to DNA fragmentation after cold injury-induced brain trauma in mice

Miki Fujimura, Yuiko Morita-Fujimura, Nobuo Noshita, Takashi Yoshimoto, Pak H. Chan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The X-ray repair cross-complementing group 1 (XRCC1) protein plays a central role in the DNA base excision repair pathway by interacting with DNA ligase III and DNA polymerase β. The present study examined the protein expression of XRCC1 and DNA fragmentation before and after cold injury-induced brain trauma (CIBT) in mice, in which apoptosis is assumed to participate. Immunohistochemistry showed the nuclear expression of XRCC1 in the entire region of the control brains. Fifteen minutes after CIBT, nuclear immunoreactivity was predominantly decreased in the inner boundary of the lesion, followed by a significant reduction of XRCC1 in the entire lesion 4 h after CIBT. A characteristic 70-kDa band was detected in the non-traumatic area, and was markedly decreased after CIBT as shown by Western blot analysis. DNA fragmentation was also observed after CIBT, and double staining with XRCC1 immunohistochemistry and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated uridine 5'-triphosphate-biotin nick end labeling showed a spatial relationship between XRCC1 loss and DNA fragmentation 24 h after CIBT. These data indicate that early decrease of XRCC1 and failure of the DNA repair mechanism may contribute to DNA-damaged neuronal cell death after CIBT. Theme: Disorders of the nervous system. Topic: Trauma. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-111
Number of pages7
JournalBrain research
Volume869
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Jun 30

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Cold injury
  • DNA base excision repair
  • Traumatic brain injury
  • XRCC1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology

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