Reduction of pitching moment generation of a quadrotor UAV in gust with slant rotors

Hikaru Otsuka, Keiji Nagatani

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)


Small multirotor unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) are used for civilian applications because they can take off and land vertically and hover as well. Although UAVs have been designed for outdoor applications, they exhibit poor posture stability in gusts owing to the generation of a pitching moment. To operate the UAVs in areas with wind disturbances, reducing the pitching moment is essential. In this study, we applied slanted rotors to a quadrotor UAV to reduce the pitching moment, and evaluated the UAV’s performance in gusts. First, we conducted wind tunnel experiments on a single rotor to estimate the performance of slant-rotor UAVs. Second, we estimated the thrust and pitching moment of slant-rotor UAVs based on a single rotor experiment. Finally, an experiment with a quadrotor model was conducted to evaluate the effect of slanted rotors. Wind tunnel measurements revealed that an outward slanted rotor reduces the pitching moment in a crosswind. The pitching moment of the quadrotor UAV in gusts was reduced by 26% with a rotor slanted 20° outwards.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAIAA SciTech Forum - 55th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting
PublisherAmerican Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781624104473
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Event55th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting - Grapevine, United States
Duration: 2017 Jan 92017 Jan 13

Publication series

NameAIAA SciTech Forum - 55th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting


Other55th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting
Country/TerritoryUnited States

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering


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