Reduction of inflammation in a chronic periodontitis model in rats by TNF-α gene silencing with a topically applied siRNA-loaded calcium phosphate paste

Taichi Tenkumo, Leonardo Rojas-Sánchez, Juan Ramón Vanegas Sáenz, Toru Ogawa, Makiko Miyashita, Nobuhiro Yoda, Oleg Prymak, Viktoriya Sokolova, Keiichi Sasaki, Matthias Epple

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We developed a calcium phosphate-based paste containing siRNA against TNF-α and investigated its anti-inflammatory and bone-healing effects in vitro and in vivo in a rat periodontitis model. The bioactive spherical CaP/PEI/siRNA/SiO2 nanoparticles had a core diameter of 40–90 nm and a positive charge (+23 mV) that facilitated cellular uptake. The TNF- α gene silencing efficiency of the nanoparticles in J774.2 monocytes, gingival-derived cells, and bone marrow-derived cells was 12 ± 2%, 36 ± 8%, and 35 ± 22%, respectively. CaP/PEI/siRNA/SiO2 nanoparticles cancelled the suppression of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity in LPS-stimulated bone marrow-derived cells. In vivo, ALP mRNA was up-regulated, TNF-α mRNA was down-regulated, and the amount of released TNF-α was significantly reduced after topical application of the calcium phosphate-based paste containing siRNA-loaded nanoparticles. The number of TNF-α-positive cells in response to CaP/PEI/siRNA/SiO2 nanoparticle application was lower than that observed in the absence of siRNA. Elevated ALP activity and numerous TRAP-positive cells (osteoclasts) were observed in response to the application of all calcium phosphate pastes. These results demonstrate that local application of a paste consisting of siRNA-loaded calcium phosphate nanoparticles successfully induces TNF-α silencing in vitro and in vivo and removes the suppression of ALP activity stimulated by inflammation. Statement of significance: We developed a calcium phosphate-based paste containing nanoparticles loaded with siRNA against TNF-α. The nanoparticles had a core diameter of 40–90 nm and positive charge (+23 mV). The anti-inflammatory and osteoinductive effects of the paste were investigated in vitro and in vivo in a rat periodontitis model. In vitro, the TNF-α gene silencing efficiency of the nanoparticles in J774.2 monocytes, gingival-derived cells, and bone marrow-derived cells was 12 ± 2%, 36 ± 8%, and 35 ± 22%, respectively. The ALP activity of bone marrow-derived cells was recovered. In vivo, TNF-α mRNA was down-regulated and the amount of released TNF-α was significantly reduced, whereas the ALP mRNA was up-regulated. Elevated ALP activity and TRAP-positive cells were observed by immunohistochemistry.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)263-279
Number of pages17
JournalActa Biomaterialia
Volume105
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Mar 15

Keywords

  • Anti-inflammation
  • Calcium phosphate
  • Gene silencing
  • Nanoparticles
  • Periodontitis
  • TNF-α

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biomaterials
  • Biochemistry
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Molecular Biology

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