Reduction of grown-in dislocation density in Ge Czochralski-grown from the B2O3-partially-covered melt

Toshinori Taishi, Yutaka Ohno, Ichiro Yonenaga

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15 Citations (Scopus)


Germanium (Ge) single crystals with an extremely low density of grown-in dislocations were grown by the Czochralski (CZ) technique with boron oxide (B2O3) liquid. Because attachment of particles floating on the melt surface to a growing Ge crystal leads to generation of dislocations during the growth, partial covering of the Ge melt surface with B2O3 liquid was attempted. Such attachment of particles was drastically suppressed or the particles were caught by the introduction of B2O3 liquid, and a particle-free Ge melt was realized in the central region of the melt surface. Ge single crystals were successfully grown from such melt, the grown-in dislocation density being 0-1×103 cm-2, which was remarkably lower than that in Ge crystals grown by a conventional CZ technique. The contaminations by B and O atoms of the grown crystal detected by SIMS analysis were very low. These Ge crystals have the potential for application to be applied as high-quality, dislocation-free substrates of GaAs solar cells for various usages including in space.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4615-4618
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Crystal Growth
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Nov 1


  • A1. Dislocation
  • A2. Czochralski method
  • A2. Single crystal growth
  • B2. Semiconducting germanium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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