Reduction of energetic particle loss by ferritic steel inserts in ITER

K. Tobita, T. Nakayama, S. V. Konovalov, M. Sato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)


Alpha particle loss due to the toroidal field ripple is significantly enhanced in reversed shear plasmas, especially in a high-q regime. To ensure a tolerable heat load on the wall due to the loss of alpha particle in reversed shear discharges with various q profiles, ferritic steel (FS) inserts are considered as a countermeasure for reducing the ripple amplitude at a low cost. With this being the situation, an assessment of ripple loss for various conditions in ITER is an important study that should to be conducted in the International Tokamak Physics Activities. This paper describes an assessment result, indicating that FS inserts lead to a dramatic reduction of ripple loss. When the arrangement of the FS inserts is optimized, the resulting alpha particle loss is anticipated to be reduced by an order of magnitude or more, and the power loss fraction is as low as 1% even for a reversed shear plasma with a relatively high qmin of 3.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)133-143
Number of pages11
JournalPlasma Physics and Controlled Fusion
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Feb 1
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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