A record-long room-temperature photoluminescence (PL) lifetime (τ PL RT) of approximately 70 ps was obtained for the sub-bandgap 3.7 eV emission band of a 300-nm-thick c-plane Al0.83In0.17N epilayer for the use in cladding layers of an edge laser structure, which were grown by metalorganic vapor phase epitaxy on a low threading dislocation density nearly lattice-matched GaN substrate. The recorded τ PL RT value was twice as long as previously reported ones, indicating half concentration of nonradiative recombination centers. Room-temperature spatially resolved cathodoluminescence intensity images for the 3.7 eV band revealed nearly zero carrier diffusion length, which is consistent with the fact that τ PL RT of 70 ps is 1/35 of the near-band-edge emission of the GaN substrate (2.4 ns). As the PL decay curves for the 3.7 eV band were sufficiently fitted by the stretched exponential function, the emission likely originates from extended states such as impurities, point defects, and their complexes, as well as localized states of uneven potential profile.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)