Redox-dependent Regulation of Gluconeogenesis by a Novel Mechanism Mediated by a Peroxidatic Cysteine of Peroxiredoxin

Hayato Irokawa, Tsuyoshi Tachibana, Toshihiko Watanabe, Yuka Matsuyama, Hozumi Motohashi, Ayako Ogasawara, Kenta Iwai, Akira Naganuma, Shusuke Kuge

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Abstract

Peroxiredoxin is an abundant peroxidase, but its non-peroxidase function is also important. In this study, we discovered that Tsa1, a major peroxiredoxin of budding yeast cells, is required for the efficient flux of gluconeogenesis. We found that the suppression of pyruvate kinase (Pyk1) via the interaction with Tsa1 contributes in part to gluconeogenic enhancement. The physical interactions between Pyk1 and Tsa1 were augmented during the shift from glycolysis to gluconeogenesis. Intriguingly, a peroxidatic cysteine in the catalytic center of Tsa1 played an important role in the physical Tsa1-Pyk1 interactions. These interactions are enhanced by exogenous H2O2 and by endogenous reactive oxygen species, which is increased during gluconeogenesis. Only the peroxidatic cysteine, but no other catalytic cysteine of Tsa1, is required for efficient growth during the metabolic shift to obtain maximum yeast growth (biomass). This Tsa1 function is separable from the peroxidase function as an antioxidant. This is the first report to demonstrate that peroxiredoxin has a novel nonperoxidase function as a redox-dependent target modulator and that pyruvate kinase is modulated via an alternative mechanism.

Original languageEnglish
Article number33536
JournalScientific reports
Volume6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Sep 16

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    Irokawa, H., Tachibana, T., Watanabe, T., Matsuyama, Y., Motohashi, H., Ogasawara, A., Iwai, K., Naganuma, A., & Kuge, S. (2016). Redox-dependent Regulation of Gluconeogenesis by a Novel Mechanism Mediated by a Peroxidatic Cysteine of Peroxiredoxin. Scientific reports, 6, [33536]. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep33536