Redescription of Alatina alata (Reynaud, 1830) (Cnidaria: Cubozoa) from Bonaire, Dutch Caribbean

Cheryl Lewis, Bastian Bentlage, Angel Yanagihara, William Gillan, Johan Van Blerk, Daniel P. Keil, Alexandra E. Bely, Allen G. Collins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Here we establish a neotype for Alatina alata (Reynaud, 1830) from the Dutch Caribbean island of Bonaire. The species was originally described one hundred and eighty three years ago as Carybdea alata in La Centurie Zoologiquea mono-graph published by René Primevère Lesson during the age of worldwide scientific exploration. While monitoring monthly reproductive swarms of A. alata medusae in Bonaire, we documented the ecology and sexual reproduction of this cubo-zoan species. Examination of forty six A. alata specimens and additional archived multimedia material in the collections of the National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC revealed that A. alata is found at depths ranging from surface waters to 675 m. Additional studies have reported it at depths of up to 1607 m in the tropical and subtropical Atlantic Ocean. Herein, we resolve the taxonomic confusion long associated with A. alata due to a lack of detail in the original description and conflicting statements in the scientific literature. A new cubozoan character, the velarial lappet, is de-scribed for this taxon. The complete description provided here serves to stabilize the taxonomy of the second oldest box jellyfish species, and provide a thorough redescription of the species.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)473-487
Number of pages15
JournalZootaxa
Volume3737
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Nov 21
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aggregation
  • Atlantic Ocean
  • Box jellyfish
  • Carybdea alata
  • Carybdeida
  • Cubomedusae
  • Deep-sea
  • Neotype
  • Sexual re-production
  • Taxonomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Animal Science and Zoology

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    Lewis, C., Bentlage, B., Yanagihara, A., Gillan, W., Blerk, J. V., Keil, D. P., Bely, A. E., & Collins, A. G. (2013). Redescription of Alatina alata (Reynaud, 1830) (Cnidaria: Cubozoa) from Bonaire, Dutch Caribbean. Zootaxa, 3737(4), 473-487. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3737.4.8