Recurrent mutations in multiple components of the cohesin complex in myeloid neoplasms

Ayana Kon, Lee Yung Shih, Masashi Minamino, Masashi Sanada, Yuichi Shiraishi, Yasunobu Nagata, Kenichi Yoshida, Yusuke Okuno, Masashige Bando, Ryuichiro Nakato, Shumpei Ishikawa, Aiko Sato-Otsubo, Genta Nagae, Aiko Nishimoto, Claudia Haferlach, Daniel Nowak, Yusuke Sato, Tamara Alpermann, Masao Nagasaki, Teppei ShimamuraHiroko Tanaka, Kenichi Chiba, Ryo Yamamoto, Tomoyuki Yamaguchi, Makoto Otsu, Naoshi Obara, Mamiko Sakata-Yanagimoto, Tsuyoshi Nakamaki, Ken Ishiyama, Florian Nolte, Wolf Karsten Hofmann, Shuichi Miyawaki, Shigeru Chiba, Hiraku Mori, Hiromitsu Nakauchi, H. Phillip Koeffler, Hiroyuki Aburatani, Torsten Haferlach, Katsuhiko Shirahige, Satoru Miyano, Seishi Ogawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

225 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cohesin is a multimeric protein complex that is involved in the cohesion of sister chromatids, post-replicative DNA repair and transcriptional regulation. Here we report recurrent mutations and deletions involving multiple components of the cohesin complex, including STAG2, RAD21, SMC1A and SMC3, in different myeloid neoplasms. These mutations and deletions were mostly mutually exclusive and occurred in 12.1% (19/157) of acute myeloid leukemia, 8.0% (18/224) of myelodysplastic syndromes, 10.2% (9/88) of chronic myelomonocytic leukemia, 6.3% (4/64) of chronic myelogenous leukemia and 1.3% (1/77) of classical myeloproliferative neoplasms. Cohesin-mutated leukemic cells showed reduced amounts of chromatin-bound cohesin components, suggesting a substantial loss of cohesin binding sites on chromatin. The growth of leukemic cell lines harboring a mutation in RAD21 (Kasumi-1 cells) or having severely reduced expression of RAD21 and STAG2 (MOLM-13 cells) was suppressed by forced expression of wild-Type RAD21 and wild-Type RAD21 and STAG2, respectively. These findings suggest a role for compromised cohesin functions in myeloid leukemogenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1232-1237
Number of pages6
JournalNature Genetics
Volume45
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Oct

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

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