Receptor-independent intracellular radical scavenging activity of an angiotensin II receptor blocker

Jing Shao, Masaomi Nangaku, Reiko Inagi, Hideki Kato, Toshio Miyata, Taiji Matsusaka, Eisei Noiri, Toshiro Fujita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)


OBJECTIVES: Angiotensin II plays a crucial role in the induction of oxidative stress and the pathogenesis of cardiovascular and renal diseases, and the beneficial mechanisms of angiotensin II receptor 1 blockers (ARBs) are multifactorial. We investigated the receptor-independent protective role of an ARB using primary-cultured mesangial cells from angiotensin II receptor 1 knockout or wild-type mice and a highly lipophilic ARB, telmisartan. METHODS AND RESULTS: Intracellular reactive oxygen species were estimated using a fluorogenic probe, CM-H2DCFDA. Non-angiotensin II-induced reactive oxygen species production was generated by exposing cells to hydrogen peroxide alone or after treatment with telmisartan. Flow cytometry analysis showed that angiotensin II induced an increase in oxidant production in a dose-dependent manner in wild-type cells, but not in knockout cells. In contrast, hydrogen peroxide induced oxidative stress in both wild-type and knockout cells. Interestingly, telmisartan attenuated the oxidative stress induced by hydrogen peroxide in both cells, suggesting that it acted via a receptor-independent antioxidant effect. Intracellular concentrations of telmisartan were confirmed by high-performance liquid chromatography analysis. Expression of plasminogen activator inhibitor 1, which is stimulated by oxidative stress, was also attenuated by telmisartan in a receptor-independent as well as receptor-dependent manner. Telmisartan did not change expression levels of antioxidative enzymes such as catalase or glutathione peroxidase. Furthermore, the amelioration of oxidative stress by telmisartan did not involve the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ pathway. CONCLUSIONS: Telmisartan inhibits intracellular oxidative stress, at least in part, in a receptor-independent manner, possibly owing to its lipophilic and antioxidant structure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1643-1649
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of hypertension
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Aug
Externally publishedYes


  • Angiotensin II
  • Angiotensin II receptor 1 blocker
  • Mesangial cells
  • Oxidative stress
  • Plasminogen activator inhibitor 1
  • Reactive oxygen species

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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