Recent progress in electrochemical surface science with atomic and molecular levels

Shen Ye, Toshihiro Kondo, Nagahiro Hoshi, Junji Inukai, Yoshimoto Soichiro Yoshimoto, Masatoshi Osawa, Kingo Itaya

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

50 Citations (Scopus)


Until the mid 1980's, there had been only few in situ methods available for structural determination of an electrode surface in solution at atomic and monolayer levels. Nowadays, many powerful in situ techniques, such as electro-chemical scanning tunneling microscopy (EC-STM), infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy (IRAS), surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS), and surface-enhanced infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy (SEIRAS), second harmonic generation (SHG), sum frequency generation (SFG), and surface X-ray scattering (SXS) have been widely employed to characterize the electrode surfaces under potential control with atomic and/or molecular resolution. The object of this review is to highlight some of the progress on in situ methods at solid-liquid interface with atomic and molecular levels. Several selected topics are focused on, specifically adsorbed anions on metal surface, electrocatalysis of the carbon oxide oxidation and dioxygen reduction, and direct observation of single crystal electrode surfaces.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2-20
Number of pages19
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Jan
Externally publishedYes


  • Adlayer
  • Adsorption
  • Electrocatalysis
  • SFG
  • SHG
  • STM
  • Single Crystal electrode
  • Solid-liquid interface
  • Structure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrochemistry

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