Recent progress in drought and salt tolerance studies in Brassica crops

Xuekun Zhang, Guangyuan Lu, Weihua Long, Xiling Zou, Feng Li, Takeshi Nishio

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

86 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Water deficit imposed by either drought or salinity brings about severe growth retardation and yield loss of crops. Since Brassica crops are important contributors to total oilseed production, it is urgently needed to develop tolerant cultivars to ensure yields under such adverse conditions. There are various physiochemical mechanisms for dealing with drought and salinity in plants at different developmental stages. Accordingly, different indicators of tolerance to drought or salinity at the germination, seedling, flowering and mature stages have been developed and used for germplasm screening and selection in breeding practices. Classical genetic and modern genomic approaches coupled with precise phenotyping have boosted the unravelling of genes and metabolic pathways conferring drought or salt tolerance in crops. QTL mapping of drought and salt tolerance has provided several dozen target QTLs in Brassica and the closely related Arabidopsis. Many drought-or salt-tolerant genes have also been isolated, some of which have been confirmed to have great potential for genetic improvement of plant tolerance. It has been suggested that molecular breeding approaches, such as marker-assisted selection and gene transformation, that will enhance oil product security under a changing climate be integrated in the development of drought- and salt-tolerant Brassica crops.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)60-73
Number of pages14
JournalBreeding Science
Volume64
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Brassica
  • Drought
  • Genetic study
  • Salinity
  • Tolerance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Recent progress in drought and salt tolerance studies in Brassica crops'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this