Recent development of nanomechanical property measurement

Sae Nagai, So Fujinami, Ken Nakajima, Toshio Nishi

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    6 Citations (Scopus)


    Nanomechanical mapping by atomic force microscopy (AFM) has been developed as the useful application to measure the physical properties of soft materials at nano-meter scale. To date, the Hertz theory was used for analyzing force-distance curves as the simplest model of contact mechanics between elastic bodies. However, the preexisting methods based on Hertz theory do not consider the adhesive interaction in principle, which cannot be neglected in the ambient condition. First, we introduce a new analysis to estimate the elasticity and adhesive energy simultaneously by means of the JKR theory, describing adhesive contact between elastic materials. Secondly, poly(dimethylsiloxane), PDMS, and butyl rubber, isobutene-co-isoprene rubber (IIR), were analyzed to verify the validity of the JKR analysis, the method mentioned above. For elastic samples such as PDMS, the force-deformation (F-δ) plots obtained experimentally were consistent with JKR theoretical curves. Meanwhile, for viscoelastic samples, especially for IIR, the F-δ plots revealed deviations from JKR curves depending on scan velocity and indentation depth. To elucidate the limit of the JKR method, we compared the characteristic behaviors of elastic and viscoelastic materials observed from contact measurement at nano-meter scale.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)99-106
    Number of pages8
    JournalNihon Reoroji Gakkaishi
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 2008


    • Atomic force microscopy
    • Force-distance curve
    • JKR theory
    • Nanorheology mapping

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Materials Science(all)
    • Condensed Matter Physics
    • Mechanics of Materials
    • Mechanical Engineering


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