Recent Advances in Biosynthetic Corneal Substitutes

Shunji Yokokura, Yuji Tanaka

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose of Review: Regeneration of the corneal epithelium and endothelium has been achieved, but regeneration of the corneal stroma has not, because it has several remarkable properties, including high tensile strength, thrust resistance, and high transparency. We introduce several biosynthetic approaches to creating stromal substitutes closely resembling the native human corneal stroma are currently being studied. Recent Findings: Currently, there are five approaches to regenerate corneal stroma: (1) decellularization, (2) the use of human recombinant collagen (HRC), (3) optical clarification (and lamination), (4) cell-based regeneration, and (5) organoid generation with induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells. Summary: Immediate next steps for this area of research include clinical trials of decellularized stromal scaffolds created from porcine corneas or RHC. While these methods have both advantages and disadvantages, their refinement and clinical use, as well as the use of other methods, promise to lead to the continuing development of new approaches.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)200-205
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Ophthalmology Reports
Volume6
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Sep 1

Keywords

  • Cell-based regeneration
  • Corneal substitutes
  • Decellularization
  • Human recombinant collagen
  • Optical clarification
  • Organoid generation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Recent Advances in Biosynthetic Corneal Substitutes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this